GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION


Overview

Geographic coordinates: 20 00 N, 77 00 E
Area: 3,287,263 sq km
Country ranking (in terms of size): 7
Land: 2,973,193 sq km
Water: 314,070 sq km
Land boundaries: 14,103km
Coastline: 7,000km

Location

Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan.

Climate

Varies from tropical monsoon in South to temperate in North.

Terrain

Upland plain in South, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in West, Himalayas in North.

Elevation extremes

Lowest point: Indian Ocean 0m
Highest point: Kanchenjunga 8,598m

Natural resources

Coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone and arable land.